Urine test procedure
The procedure for a urine test is laid down and is generally always the same.
First, the doping control officer introduces him or herself and checks the player’s identity. The player can demand to see the officer’s official identification. The officer must then inform the player of the reason and the procedure of the steps to be followed and ensure that the player is aware of his or her rights and responsibilities during the test. The player is informed that
- the sample collection is to be conducted under FIFA’s authority
- he or she is required to undergo the sample collection
- failure to comply may involve consequences
- should he or she choose to consume any food or fluids (non-alcoholic drinks) either provided or his/her own, prior to providing a sample, it is entirely at his or her own responsibility
- the sample provided by the player to the FIFA doping control officer shall be the first urine passed by the player subsequent to the summons to the doping control
After further formalities have been explained, the officer begins the test: the player is given two sealed and sterilised beakers and a separate box containing two sealed and numbered bottles, one sample marked “A” and the other sample “B”. At this point, both the FIFA doping control officer and the player shall check that all seals on the selected equipment are intact.
The player urinates into the beaker under the direct supervision of the doping control officer or his assistant. The officer or his assistant shall ensure an unobstructed view of the sample leaving the player’s body. The total urine volume in bottles “A” and “B” shall be at least 90ml. Where the volume of urine is insufficient, the officer shall inform the player that a further sample shall be collected.
The samples are then taken to a WADA-approved and -accredited laboratory. The FIFA Anti-Doping Unit shall define criteria ensuring that any sample will be stored in a manner that protects its integrity, identity and security prior to transport from the doping control room to the laboratory.
After they have been safely transported, the sealed “A” and “B” bottles are opened and examined by laboratory staff only. The laboratory obtains the results of the “A” sample, stores the “B” sample for any potential examination at a later time and passes on the results to FIFA. The player is only informed of a positive result.