FIFA’s medical anti-doping programme

International associations like FIFA and the IOC have led the fight against doping in sport for many years.


Through its regular doping controls, FIFA ensures that the results of football matches are a true reflection of the difference between the teams and that there is no room for cheats on the medical front. FIFA and its Medical Committee take the fight against doping very seriously, passing ever-stricter anti-doping rules, collating data and supporting the studies conducted by the FIFA: FIFA wants to eradicate doping!

The Medical Committee has overall responsibility for carrying out the doping controls at all FIFA competitions and during day-to-day training out-of-competition. It also grants TUEs. The committee delegates the tasks of evaluating and approving the exemptions to the TUE Advisory Group. In addition, it is responsible for the doping controls of the FIFA Anti-Doping Unit, which coordinates the FIFA doping control officers. For all of its decisions, new guidelines and measures, FIFA takes the particular features of football, scientific facts and statistical doping benchmarks into account.


FIFA conducts the anti-doping programmes at all FIFA competitions itself and defines its Anti-Doping Rules in such a way that they can be applied at all football competitions worldwide. At confederation level and for national competitions, the doping controls are carried out directly by the confederations, the member associations and/or the national anti-doping authorities. FIFA oversees the management of the results including any appeals before the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).

New strategies in the fight against doping

FIFA is developing sustainable strategies in the fight against doping that dovetail with football’s packed calendar. 


One of the latest innovations has been the introduction of the biological profile, with haematological parameters of the blood sample and steroid parameters of the urine sample. Any deviation from these values may indicate doping. FIFA is currently developing a database in order to monitor footballers over their entire careers, which will contain the laboratory results from all controls both in and out of competition. This will enable FIFA to compare blood and urine parameters over the years. The new strategy already includes all players who were at the FIFA Confederations Cup Brazil 2013 and all those who took part in the World Cup one year later.


Doping controls have three principal objectives:

  • ethical behaviour and fair play in sport
  • protecting players’ physical and mental health
  • ensuring equal opportunities for all participants